Risk factors associated with drug use before imprisonment in Peru [Factores de riesgo asociados al consumo de drogas antes del ingreso a las penitenciarías del Perú]
Hernandez Vásquez, Akram
MetadataShow full item record
ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the prevalence of drug abuse before prison admission and to identify associated sociodemographic and family history risk factors, according to gender, in prisons of Peru. Materials and methods: A secondary analysis was carried out with data from the First National Prisoner Census 2016, using a questionnaire of 173 items that was applied to the whole prison population of Peru. The types of drugs used before admission were analyzed according to characteristics of the penitentiary population, and generalized linear models were used to calculate prevalence ratios with 95% confidence intervals to identify possible factors associated with drug use. Results: Out of a population of 76,180 prisoners, 71,184 (93.4%) answered the survey (men 67,071, 94.2%). The overall prevalence of drug consumption before admission was 24.4% (25.3% in men and 9.1% in women), the highest prevalence in the 18-29 age group (36.3% in men and 14.9% in women). The most commonly used drugs were marijuana (58.2%), coca paste/cocaine or crack (40.3%) and inhalants (1%). The factors most strongly associated with consumption were having a family member who consumed drugs (59.8%), history of previous imprisonment (59.1%), unemployment (48.4%), relationships at school with classmates who had problems with the law (46.9%), background of a family member who attended a penitentiary (38.4%), and history of running away from home before age 15 (35.9%). Conclusions: In Peru, drug use is higher in the prison population than in the general population, and there are differences according to sex in the prevalence of drug use and associated factors prior to admission to a prison. The study demonstrated that childhood events, such as child abuse, having a family member imprisoned, having a family member who used drugs, or who previously abused alcohol, are factors associated with drug use in the penitentiary population. Some of these risk factors are modifiable, so it is important to consider these in the design of social and health policies focused on specific subpopulations to prevent drug use and crime.Mostrar más
Hernández, A. ...[et al]. (2018). Risk factors associated with drug use before imprisonment in Peru [Factores de riesgo asociados al consumo de drogas antes del ingreso a las penitenciarías del Perú]. Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria, 20(1), 12-22. http://www.sanipe.es/OJS/index.php/RESP/article/view/488
The following license files are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Caycho-Rodríguez, Tomás; Tomás, José M.; Barboza-Palomino, Miguel; Ventura-León, José; Gallegos, Miguel; Reyes-Bossio, Mario; Vilca, Lindsey W. (Springer, 2021-01-06)Acceso abiertoABSTRACT There is no information in Peru on the prevalence of mental health problems associated with COVID-19 in older adults. In this sense, the aim of the study was to gather evidence on the factor structure, criterion-related ...
Transcultural public policy and factors associated with nonadherence to hiv/aids haart in the peruvian-amazonian kusy pagata ethnic group [Política pública transcultural y factores no adherentes al targa del vih-sida etnia perú-amazónica kusu pagata] Chávarry-Ysla, Patricia del Rocío; Febres-Suazo, Rolando; Ynga-Chicoma, María del Carmen; Calleja-Torres, Juan Carlos; Cabrera-Cabrera, Xiomara (Editorial Ciencias Médicas, 2021-01-12)Acceso abiertoABSTRACT Introduction: One of the problems affecting Latin American indigenous peoples is the lack of epidemiological data regarding the prevalence of HIV/AIDS, because the information and surveillance systems do not ...
Social and demographic factors associated with pregnancy and repeated pregnancy in adolescent women in Peru [Factores sociales y demográficos asociados al embarazo y al embarazo repetido en mujeres adolescentes de Perú] Sanca Valeriano, Silvia; Espinola Sánchez, Marcos; Racchumí Vela, Augusto (Sociedad Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecología, 2022-04-06)Acceso abiertoObjetivo: Evaluar los factores sociales y demográficos asociados al embarazo y al embarazo repetido en mujeres adolescentes de Perú Método: Estudio transversal analítico realizado a partir de las encuestas de población ...